U.S. Sanctions against China Concerning Human Rights Issues in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region by Murakami Masatoshi (NPI Visiting Fellow Associate Professor, Kogakkan University)
The Uyghur issue has become one of the key points of contention in current U.S.-China relations. In the first U.S.-China telephone summit in February 2021, President Biden raised the issue with President Xi Jinping himself. From this fact, we can understand that the Uyghur issue has become a summit-level issue between the U.S. and China.
In Washington, interest in the Uyghur issue grew rapidly during the Trump administration, and federal sanctions were imposed in the fall of 2019 for Uyghur-related human rights violations. On the eve of the end of the administration's term, the Uyghur issue was recognized as genocide and crimes against humanity, and this recognition became one of the milestones of the growing concern in Washington.